An estimated 20 percent of adults will develop varicose veins in their lifetime. These twisted, bulging, rope-like veins are not only unsightly but can cause a number of symptoms and health problems. Here are the most common varicose vein symptoms and how varicose vein treatment can help.
Understanding Varicose Veins
Healthy veins carry blood to the heart, and valves within each vein ensure that the blood flows in the correct direction. Varicose veins have malfunctioning vein valves that allow the blood to pool or even flow backward. The resulting fluid backup causes the vein to develop a thickened, ropey appearance and triggers a variety of other unpleasant symptoms. Varicose veins usually form on the legs, and symptoms of varicose veins may affect the leg only or the whole body.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins commonly cause swelling or edema in the affected leg. This swelling may worsen by the end of the day.
Varicose veins can cause feelings of heaviness and/or fatigue. The affected leg may feel unusually tired and fatigued without exercise or exertion. It may be more difficult to raise the leg from the ground.
Pain is a very common symptom of varicose veins and may include aching and throbbing. This pain may be chronic or intermittent.
4. Burning or Itching
Varicose veins can cause a burning or itching feeling. Damaged blood vessels may leak into the dermal tissue and cause inflammation, which can in turn irritate the nerves so that they redden, burn, and/or itch.
Fluid buildup and aching from varicose veins may lead to restlessness in the leg, or Restless Leg Syndrome. The body reacts by causing the leg to constantly move or jiggle to alleviate the ache. This restlessness may be more pronounced after long periods of standing.
Venous ulcers or painful skin lesions can form from varicose veins. These usually do not heal well and frequently reoccur. Leg ulcers may also be an indicator of chronic venous insufficiency.
Varicose veins near the surface of the skin can sometimes bleed or rupture. The bleeding may be difficult to stop on your own and may require you to seek medical assistance.
Discoloration in the ankle area (venous stasis discoloration) may occur with varicose veins. This is a sign of chronic venous insufficiency and indicates that vein problems are worsening.
9. Superficial Thrombophlebitis
Superficial thrombophlebitis is a condition in which a vein close to the skin’s surface becomes inflamed and develops clot. This may occur with some varicose veins.
Getting Treatment for Varicose Veins
Treatment can help alleviate varicose vein symptoms, improve your body’s circulation, and restore you to better health. Treatment for varicose veins involves closing or disabling the vein so that the body reroutes blood flow into nearby healthy veins. Techniques include:
- EVLA (laser therapy)
- ClosureFast™ (radiofrequency energy)
- VenaSeal™ (medical adhesive)
- Ambulatory Phlebectomy (micro-extraction surgery)
- Sclerotherapy (chemical irritant)
- Excel V+ (laser treatment)
Disabling a varicose vein helps the body’s circulatory system to work properly. With the varicose vein rendered completely nonfunctional, the body bypasses the vein in favor of nearby functional veins. This restores healthy blood flow and alleviates symptoms associated with varicose veins.Getting treatment for your varicose veins will help alleviate your symptoms and improve your health. To learn more about varicose vein treatments, contact us today at Vein Specialists of Augusta.